Cancer Treatment Alternatives, a Departure from Conventional Approaches

Cancer Treatment Alternatives, a Departure from Conventional Approaches

New research and study in cancer medicine has opened new frontiers and created hope for millions of patients antecedently condemned with a death sentence after diagnosis. Surgery remains the linchpin of medical research and cure for a vast proportion of cancer patients, followed by chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and other alternatives. Traditional cancer treatment approaches may have downsides, although they exterminate rapidly dividing cancer cells, the process also invades healthy tissue. Chemo leads to fractional efficacy and a slew of side effects. The advances in cancer treatment such as immunotherapy, personalized medicine, and genetic engineering have resulted to alternative or complementary medicine giving more hope to patients. Cancer treatment centres across the globe are making big strides in cancer cures. Cancer treatment in Mexico for example, have made big strides in curing cancer and are constantly developing new techniques in order to do this.

Tumor Drugs

Cancer patients seeking new alternatives may have advanced disease or resisted standard treatment options in the past. The Food and Drug Administration has approved various drugs such as immunotherapy, antibodies, and vaccines. Drugs such as pembrolizumab (PD-1 blocker), nivolumab, and ipilimumab have rapidly become ideal for patients whose tumors arise from a genetic abnormality. The drug short-circuits cancer’s cloaking mechanism that hides tumor from the immune system making it susceptible to antibodies. After taking the drug, malignant tumor or rapid, abnormal cell division declines significantly and stabilizes. Some patients have witnessed complete tumor elimination while it’s available in the market for a couple of full-blown lung cancer, bladder tumors or melanoma.

Immunotherapy

Harnessing the body’s immune system with novel drugs and methods that attune a patient’s white blood cells can help some cancer patients, even where standard regimens fail. Unlike chemo which launches a pinpoint onslaught on the tumor, immunotherapy virtually marshals your immune system to attack the cancer cells. Immunotherapy has worked as a magic pill for patients who have witnessed their tumor dwindle to nothing and life-threatening diseases morph into intermittent remissions for many years. Our immune system consists of a patchwork of cells, tissues, and their secretions, which shield the body against bacterial, viral and other invasions. Cancer cells have unique ways of disguising themselves as innocuous to the immune system or hamper its efforts to fight. Immunotherapy includes monoclonal antibodies, checkpoint inhibitors, adoptive cell therapy, vaccines, and oncolytic virus therapy.

Personalized Medicine

Personalized medicine has found traction within the cancer community as the adoption of a treatment predicated on the outcome of biological and molecular diagnostics of the tumor.  It offers more efficacies together with standard treatment. Rather than paint the issue with a broad brush with a one-size-fits-all approach, personalized treatment focuses on each patient’s biological traits such as tumor types, chronology, and differentiation. Oncologists can then narrow down on an ideal approach such as surgery or drugs.

Gene Editing

Gene editing refers to introducing, deleting or switching DNA in the body’s genome. The approach has synergies such as immunotherapy where the patient’s cells are extracted, their genome edited to fend off a tumor, multiply antibodies and re-inject them to the body. Gene editing of the herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) modifying it as a non-herpes causing and trigger the fight against tumor by activating an immune response. The FDA approved it for the treatment of advanced melanoma.

Conclusion

Although a cure or preventive treatment that works for all patients remains a mystery for the scientific community, emerging methods have improved efficacy, slow down the exacerbation of symptoms, diminished side effects, and speed of recovery. Medical practitioners specializing in cancer can render alternatives to conventional methods such as radiotherapy and surgery to lengthen a patient’s lifespan.

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